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Revision d86a77f8


Added by David Gibson almost 8 years ago

iommu: Add universal DMA helper functions

Not that long ago, every device implementation using DMA directly
accessed guest memory using cpu_physical_memory_*(). This meant that
adding support for a guest visible IOMMU would require changing every
one of these devices to go through IOMMU translation.

Shortly before qemu 1.0, I made a start on fixing this by providing
helper functions for PCI DMA. These are currently just stubs which
call the direct access functions, but mean that an IOMMU can be
implemented in one place, rather than for every PCI device.

Clearly, this doesn't help for non PCI devices, which could also be
IOMMU translated on some platforms. It is also problematic for the
devices which have both PCI and non-PCI version (e.g. OHCI, AHCI) - we
cannot use the the pci_dma_*() functions, because they assume the
presence of a PCIDevice, but we don't want to have to check between
pci_dma_*() and cpu_physical_memory_*() every time we do a DMA in the
device code.

This patch makes the first step on addressing both these problems, by
introducing new (stub) dma helper functions which can be used for any
DMA capable device.

These dma functions take a DMAContext *, a new (currently empty)
variable describing the DMA address space in which the operation is to
take place. NULL indicates untranslated DMA directly into guest
physical address space. The intention is that in future non-NULL
values will given information about any necessary IOMMU translation.

DMA using devices must obtain a DMAContext (or, potentially, contexts)
from their bus or platform. For now this patch just converts the PCI
wrappers to be implemented in terms of the universal wrappers,
converting other drivers can take place over time.

Cc: Michael S. Tsirkin <>
Cc: Eduard - Gabriel Munteanu <>
Cc: Richard Henderson <>

Signed-off-by: David Gibson <>
Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <>
Signed-off-by: Anthony Liguori <>


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