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# Copyright (C) 2007, 2008 Google Inc.
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# This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
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# it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
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# the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
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# (at your option) any later version.
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# This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
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# WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
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# General Public License for more details.
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# You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
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# along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
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# Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA
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# 02110-1301, USA.
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"""Serializer abstraction module
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This module introduces a simple abstraction over the serialization
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backend (currently json).
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# pylint: disable=C0103
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# C0103: Invalid name, since pylint doesn't see that Dump points to a
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# function and not a constant
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import re
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# Python 2.6 and above contain a JSON module based on simplejson. Unfortunately
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# the standard library version is significantly slower than the external
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# module. While it should be better from at least Python 3.2 on (see Python
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# issue 7451), for now Ganeti needs to work well with older Python versions
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# too.
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import simplejson
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from ganeti import errors
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from ganeti import utils
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_RE_EOLSP = re.compile("[ \t]+$", re.MULTILINE)
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def DumpJson(data):
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  """Serialize a given object.
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  @param data: the data to serialize
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  @return: the string representation of data
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  encoded = simplejson.dumps(data)
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  txt = _RE_EOLSP.sub("", encoded)
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  if not txt.endswith("\n"):
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    txt += "\n"
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  return txt
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def LoadJson(txt):
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  """Unserialize data from a string.
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  @param txt: the json-encoded form
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  @return: the original data
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  return simplejson.loads(txt)
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def DumpSignedJson(data, key, salt=None, key_selector=None):
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  """Serialize a given object and authenticate it.
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  @param data: the data to serialize
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  @param key: shared hmac key
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  @param key_selector: name/id that identifies the key (in case there are
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    multiple keys in use, e.g. in a multi-cluster environment)
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  @return: the string representation of data signed by the hmac key
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  txt = DumpJson(data)
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  if salt is None:
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    salt = ""
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  signed_dict = {
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    "msg": txt,
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    "salt": salt,
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  if key_selector:
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    signed_dict["key_selector"] = key_selector
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    key_selector = ""
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  signed_dict["hmac"] = utils.Sha1Hmac(key, txt, salt=salt + key_selector)
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  return DumpJson(signed_dict)
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def LoadSignedJson(txt, key):
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  """Verify that a given message was signed with the given key, and load it.
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  @param txt: json-encoded hmac-signed message
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  @param key: the shared hmac key or a callable taking one argument (the key
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    selector), which returns the hmac key belonging to the key selector.
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    Typical usage is to pass a reference to the get method of a dict.
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  @rtype: tuple of original data, string
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  @return: original data, salt
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  @raises errors.SignatureError: if the message signature doesn't verify
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  signed_dict = LoadJson(txt)
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  if not isinstance(signed_dict, dict):
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    raise errors.SignatureError("Invalid external message")
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    msg = signed_dict["msg"]
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    salt = signed_dict["salt"]
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    hmac_sign = signed_dict["hmac"]
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  except KeyError:
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    raise errors.SignatureError("Invalid external message")
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  if callable(key):
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    # pylint: disable=E1103
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    key_selector = signed_dict.get("key_selector", None)
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    hmac_key = key(key_selector)
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    if not hmac_key:
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      raise errors.SignatureError("No key with key selector '%s' found" %
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    key_selector = ""
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    hmac_key = key
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  if not utils.VerifySha1Hmac(hmac_key, msg, hmac_sign,
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                              salt=salt + key_selector):
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    raise errors.SignatureError("Invalid Signature")
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  return LoadJson(msg), salt
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def LoadAndVerifyJson(raw, verify_fn):
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  """Parses and verifies JSON data.
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  @type raw: string
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  @param raw: Input data in JSON format
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  @type verify_fn: callable
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  @param verify_fn: Verification function, usually from L{ht}
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  @return: De-serialized data
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    data = LoadJson(raw)
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  except Exception, err:
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    raise errors.ParseError("Can't parse input data: %s" % err)
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  if not verify_fn(data):
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    raise errors.ParseError("Data does not match expected format: %s" %
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  return data
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Dump = DumpJson
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Load = LoadJson
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DumpSigned = DumpSignedJson
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LoadSigned = LoadSignedJson